FREE

Subscribe to the display technology news roundups. You can also post your own content in the open section.

Display Industry News Roundups
Delivered via email

Twitter
146-inch 3D 3D Micro LED 4K 4K2K 8K ACEP Aledia Amazon AMOLED AMS767KC04-1 Anti-reflective Apple Apple Watch AR AUO Automotive Automotive Displays Avionic Avionics Avnet Backlight Belkin Blue phase LCD Blue TADF Blue Wave Semiconductor Blue Wave Semiconductors BOE burn-in Buyer Capacitive touch CCFL CES CES 2019 CGS children China China US Trade War Circular LCD Clothing OLED CMI COF Corning CPT CRT Curved Curved OLED CYNORA D33 Dark Mode Digital signage Display Display Week 2019 Dynamic Range E Ink EE Ink Eink Electrofluidic imaging Electronics Electrowetting End-of-life EOL notice E-paper Factory Fingerprint Fingerprint sensor Flexable Flexible Flexible display Flexible LCD Flexible OLED Flexible Perovskite Flexi-LCD FlexPai Force Touch Foxconn Foxconn Technology Group Fujitsu Galaxy S10 Gesture recognition Glossy displays Google Glass Gorilla Glass Graphene graphene-based OFET HannStar haptic Haptography HD Head-mounted display Heads up display High End Panels Hisense HKC Holograph Hot Offer Huawei Human Machine Interface Hybrid IGZO In-cell touch In-Display Fingerprint Industrial display InFocus Infrared Innolux Interactive Interactive surfaces iPad iPhone iPhone X IPS ITO ITRI I-Zone Japan Japan Display Jasper Display JBD JOLED Kindle large-size LCD LCD LCD iPhone LCD Prices LED LG LTPS Market Mate 20 Medical Medical Display Merck Meural Micro LED Microdisplay MicroLED Micro-LED Micro-LED TV microsoft Military Military displays Mini LED Mojo Vision Monochromatic Multitouch Nano Cell Technology Nanoco nanoplatelets Nanowire Netgear News Roundup Nubia OFET OLED Organic Semiconductors Osaka University Osram Panasonic Paperwhite Patents PCAP Philips PHOLED Phone Photocentric Pixels Plasma Plastic Logic PlayNitride Plessey Polarizer POLED POS Screen Projected capacitive Projector QLED Quantum Dot Quantum dots Quantum Materials Corp Recycling Red Phosphor RIKEN Rohinni Rollable TV Rugged display Samsung Sanan Sanan Optoelectronics Sapphire Seeya Seren Sharp SID SmartKen smartphones Smartwatch Solar Solar-Tectic Sony Soul Semiconductor Sound on Display South Korea Stereoscopy Stocks Substrate Sunlight readable Tactile Taiwan Tappy Tariff TCL Technology TFT The Wall Tianma TN Total Reclaim touch Touchscreen Trade War Transparent Trump TV Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology ultra-fine pitch Ultra-High Resolution Ultrastable Films unbreakable undefined Universal Display University of California San Diego US USA Veeco Video wall Virtual Reality Visionox VR Vuzix Wearable Wisconsin XTPL
Tuesday
Oct162012

3D Displays: Three Centuries In The Making (Interview)

Image via Dimenco

Many thanks to Dimenco CEO Maarten Tobias (www.dimenco.eu) for talking to Display Alliance about the 3D display industry. Give Dimenco a like on Facebook. To be interviewed by Display Alliance or feature your own content email jason@displayalliance.com. Subscribe via RSS for our display industry news roundups. We can also help you source display panels. Leave a comment and share your thoughts on the interview.

DA: What is the biggest technical obstacle to glasses-free 3D and how is Dimenco taking on the challenge?

Resolution, Cone Transitions, Content

Glasses-free 3D displays have had 3 main obstacles to overcome.

1) Resolution: By applying a lenticular layer to generate multiple views on top of a LCD panel you lose a significant amount of resolution. The result was that with "traditional" FHD panels (1920 by 1080) you experienced, depending on the lens design and image processing, a SD image quality in 3D. With the introduction of QFHD panels (3840 by 2560) it is possible to overcome this problem as you can realize with the right lens design and image processing a FHD 3D picture. This FHD 3D image is impressive to watch and provide the "right" consumer experience.

2) Cone transitions: Traditional auto-stereoscopic displays always had annoying cone transitions. This means you have to be in the right zone for a comfortable 3D experience. With the recent introduction of smooth cone transitions by Dimenco it solves almost completely the cone transition which makes it much more comfortable and enjoyable to watch glasses-free 3D for a long period of time.

3) Content: Glasses-free 3D displays depend on multiple perspectives that are "sent" out to the viewer. Meaning stereo 3D (with glasses) is based on a left and right picture (2-view) which provides the necessary parallax. Glasses-free 3D displays require multiple perspectives, in Dimenco’s case 28, which has to be generated. Dolby3D, an initiative by Philips and Dolby, is integrating algorithms that will make it possible to convert in real-time stereo (2-view) to auto-stereo (n-view), resulting in overcoming the barrier of existing 3D content becoming available for glasses-free 3D.



DA: Can you put 3D display technology into historical perspective? What does it say about the evolution of display technology?

3D Displays: Three Centuries In The Making

3D technology already existed in the 19th century. However it really took off in 2009.

The reason for this was on the one hand the technological possibilities of digital processing / media, availability of content (Avatar), and display technology. It started in digital cinema where the difficulty to create a high-quality 3D image was presented. It then got to the TV market with high refresh rates making it possible to introduce active glasses, especially on Plasma.

Glasses-free 3D will depend heavily on higher resolution panels which will be widely available in 2013 and prices will go down rapidly in 2014. Expecting glasses-free 3D TV’s being available in 2013 as high-end TV’s and getting more widely spread from 2014 onwards.



DA: Can you talk about what goes into marketing 3D displays? What does the industry need to do to make 3D succeed in the market?

Practical Application Is Key To 3D's Success

Marketing of 3D displays depends heavily on the market segment.The TV industry is a totally different segment than the professional PRO-AV market.

For example the TV market is dominated by the industry and often technologies are pushed to the consumer. Glasses-based 3D is a perfect example of this.

However that is also the reason that 3D in the consumer market has not been a success by now. The PRO-AV market is dominated by applications and the added value of 3D in such applications. If 3D adds to the experience, provides better or more clearer information (such as in Medical or in Visualization applications), or enhances the consumer behavior (3D Digital Signage), then it can be accepted by these markets.



DA: What is Dimenco working on right now?

High Volume Manufacturing

Dimenco is actually setting up different components and manufacturing processes for the market.

This means for example that we can provide lenses in high volume manufacturing. This is a cooperation between us and a third party. In this case we jointly developed the process and quality of the optical stack which results in the purest optical stack, but also to provide this in really high volumes.

Next to this, we offer manufacturing processes and equipment to optically bond lenticulars (glass) to LCD-panels. Our facility is able to process about 10K per year, depending on size.

High Resolution Panels

We are mainly working on very high resolution panels. As explained one of the challenges is the lack of resolution. With more and more QFHD displays and Retina displays being introduced in the market, the quality and accessibility of glasses-free 3D will be also much better. At CES we will demonstrate some of these new incredible demonstrators.

PrintView Printer Friendly Version

EmailEmail Article to Friend

References (3)

References allow you to track sources for this article, as well as articles that were written in response to this article.
  • Response
    3D Displays: Three Centuries In The Making
  • Response
    Response: app tools
    3D Displays: Three Centuries In The Making
  • Response
    3D Displays: Three Centuries In The Making

Reader Comments

There are no comments for this journal entry. To create a new comment, use the form below.

PostPost a New Comment

Enter your information below to add a new comment.

My response is on my own website »
Author Email (optional):
Author URL (optional):
Post:
 
All HTML will be escaped. Hyperlinks will be created for URLs automatically.